Irish Question, No. 16.]
ON September 19th, 1880, Mr. Parnell formulated the law of
boycotting in the town of Ennis, county Clare. Mr.
Parnell's words were as follows : —
" What are you to do to a tenant who bids for a farm from
which another tenant has been evicted? (Several voices:
' Shoot him.') I think I heard somebody say ' shoot him.' I
wish to point out to you a very much better way — a more
■Christian and charitable w T ay — which will give the lost
man an opportunity of repenting. When a man takes a
farm from which another has been evicted you must show
him on the roadside when you meet him; you
must show him in the streets of the town ; you must
show him in the shop ; you must show him on the fair
green and in the market-place, and even in the place
of worship— by leaving him alone, by putting him into
a moral Coventry, by isolating him from the rest of his country-
men as if he were a leper of old ; you must show him your
detestation of the crime he has committed."
The result of this advice by the " uncrowned king " of Ireland
is shown in the following recmt cases taken from The Timzs
February 2, 188G.
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" Edward Tobill, publican, and owner of posting establish-
ment, boycotted by order of the local branch of the Natioant
League for having saved crops of landlord on an evicted farm.
His house deserted, his family afraid to visit him, and posting
business would be lost altogether but for contract with Post
Office. Might have starved except for help rendered
by Loyalists. January 20th, 1886.
" The following boycotting notice was. posted up in New Dysart
on Sunday, January 10th, 1886:— 'Men of Eoscommon and
Galway, — The greatest ruin of the National cause and the
deadliest foe to the tenant farmer is the land-grabber. He is
the last prop of landlordism, the man who keeps up the price of
land, and who would bid for the house over your head. Down
with him. In the parish of Dysart there are three of
these reptiles, these enemies of Ireland. Boycott
them. Their names are — , — , — . Let no man speak to them,
no man deal with them, no man buy or sell for or from them.
Let no tradesman or labourer work for them. He who does let
him mark the consequences, As yon live your count);. Eear
just retribution, obey this. God save I;< 1..M ! :
" A farm of G7 acres, belonging bo nepw
Wheeler, situated in Battymaeart; County WaAerfowtj baton up
from the tenant wtio was three years in arrears of rent.
has been completely boycotted, though several solvent farm-
ers anxious to take it. Owner unable to keen his own cattle upon it .
" Precisely same state- of affairs on a farm, rental, £lo3, I
property of Sir Eichard \liisgravo, in the union of Dungarvan,
The- neighbouring tenants were anxious to have the farm divided
among them, but were afraid to take it. One tenant was given
11 acres of this farm as a set-off for a reduction of rent, since
when he has. been boycotted.
"Widow Sarah Lalor, of Oghill, county Kildare,
is boycotted in consequence of having taken one
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acre of land surrendered to Lord Drogheda, contrary
to command of the League. Has been refused necessaries
of life. Some woman purchased an acre of meadow near by,
but the vendor was obliged for his own safety to go before the
committee of the League in Monasterevan to excuse himself and
''Fifteen- Tenants of Colonel Crosbie, at Ballyheigue, county
Kerry, paid their judicial rents, contrary to the commands
of the League, and were boycotted in fair and market.
No one would work for them. Law^ proceedings having been
commenced the ban was removed, but the boycotted men were
mulcted by the League in blackmail to the extent of 15 per cent.
The parish priest is president of the League.
"Tomas Nunn, of Newmarket, county Cork, boy-
cotted for posting Mr. Walsh's election address*
" Timothy Sullivan, car driver, Newmarket, county Cork, boy-
COtted by order of the National League, Eev. Mr. O'Callaghan,
president, for driving police to protect the billsticker
who plied his trade for Mr. Walsh, the Loyalist candidate for that
division of the country,
" Thomas Davidson, a Caretaker of the Property Defence
Association at Newmarket, county Cork, is boycotted, and his
children not permitted to go to school. Colonel
Aldworth's gate-keeper took in one child to attend No. 2 School,
situated inside the demesne walls, with the result that turf,
saturated with oil, was thrown into the windows, and he is
unable to get the necessaries of life at Newmarket, being obliged
to send eight miles for them.
"James M'Neill, of Carrigallen, County Leitrim, now
completely boycotted for having two years ago taken a farm, can
buy nothing in his own town. The village postmaster told him he
would have to turn him out of his shop if he called again. Five
neighbours have been boycotted for speaking to
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him. The National League Court which has decreed this treat-
ment used to sit in the house of the Bev. Mr. Galligan, C.C.,
president of the Court, at night, but in future the Court will sit
on a neighbouring hill top.
" The Steward of Mr. Lawder, a Loyalist candidate, bought a
pig to sell and kill at Christmas. Notices were posted stating
that it had been bought from a Loyalist, and any one who bought
a piece of pork was not a ' friend of the people.' "
The above are merely specimen cases of the tyranny and dis-
organisation of society which prevails at the present moment in
Ireland. It is publicly stated that "English law is broke," and
the millennium is at hand, when rent and Protestant landgrabbers
will be abolished.
Mr. Gladstone in his speech in the House of Common-.
May 24, 1882, thus described Boycotting : —
"What is meant by boycotting? In the first place, it is
Combined intimidation- In the second place, it is combined
intimidation made use of for the purpose of destroying the private
liberties of choice by fear of ruin and starvation. In the
third place, that being what * boycotting ' is in itself, we must
look to this : that the creed of ' boycotting,' like every other creed,
requires a sanction, and that the Sanction of ' boycotting '
— that which stands in the rear of ' boycotting,' and by which
alone ' boycotting ' can in the long run run be made thoroughly
effective— is the murder which is not to be
Published by the Liberal Committee for the Maintenance of the
Legislative Union between Great Britain and Ireland,
oo, Spring Gardens, S.YV.